If you have never made homemade broth it's easy healthy and very inexpensive. We often buy chicken legs in the 10 pound bags, you can't beat the price. I steam them and remove all the meat, which I use in soups, casseroles, and enchiladas. I have never known the difference between broth, stock or bone broth.
Different Types of Broths
- Broth is typically made with meat and can contain a small amount of bones (think of the bones in a fresh whole chicken). Broth is typically simmered for a short period of time (45 minutes to 2 hours). It is very light in flavor, thin in texture and rich in protein.
- Stock is typically made with bones and can contain a small amount of meat (think of the meat that adheres to a beef neck bone). Often the bones are roasted before simmering them as this simple technique greatly improves the flavor. Beef stocks, for example, can present a faint acrid flavor if the bones aren’t first roasted. Stock is typically simmered for a moderate amount of time (3 to 4 hours). Stock is a good source of gelatin.
- Bone Broth is typically made with bones and can contain a small amount of meat adhering to the bones. As with stock, bones are typically roasted first to improve the flavor of the bone broth. Bone broths are typically simmered for a very long period of time (often in excess of 24 hours), with the purpose being not only to produce gelatin from collagen-rich joints but also to release minerals from bones. At the end of cooking, the bones should crumble when pressed lightly between your thumb and forefinger.
Bone broths are extraordinarily rich in protein, and can be a source of Glycine and Proline. Glycine supports the bodies detoxification process and is used in the synthesis of hemoglobin, bile salts and other naturally-occurring chemicals within the body. Glycine also supports digestion and the secretion of gastric acids. Proline, especially when paired with vitamin C, supports good skin health. Bone broths are also rich in gelatin which may support skin health. Gelatin also support digestive health.
Chicken broth inhibits neutrophil migration; that is, it helps mitigate the side effects of colds, flus and upper respiratory infections. If you aren’t already, make bone broth a regular part of your kitchen routine. It’s a health boosting, easy and inexpensive… you can’t afford not to!
Recipe for Bone Broth
- 2 pounds (or more) of bones from a healthy source
- 2 chicken feet for extra gelatin (optional)
- 1 onion
- 2 carrots
- 2 stalks of celery
- 2 tablespoons Apple Cider Vinegar
- Optional: 1 bunch of parsley, 1 tablespoon or more of sea salt, 1 teaspoon peppercorns, additional herbs or spices to taste. I also add 2 cloves of garlic for the last 30 minutes of cooking.
Typically, I add (per gallon of water and 2 pounds of bones):
- 1 onion
- 2 large carrots (rough chop and don’t need to peel)
- 2 celery stalks, rough chopped
If you are using raw bones, especially beef bones, it improves flavor to roast them in the oven first. I place them in a roasting pan and roast for 30 minutes at 350. Then, place the bones in a large stock pot (5 gallon pot). Pour the water over the bones and add the vinegar. Let sit for 20-30 minutes in the cool water. The acid helps make the nutrients in the bones more available.
Rough chop and add the vegetables (except the parsley and garlic, if using) to the pot. Add any salt, pepper, spices, or herbs, if using.
Now, bring the broth to a boil. Once it has reached a vigorous boil, reduce to a simmer and simmer until done. These are the times I simmer for:
- Beef broth/stock: 48 hours
- Chicken or poultry broth/stock: 24 hours
- Fish broth: 8 hours
During the last 30 minutes, add the garlic and parsley, to the broth.
Remove from heat and let cool slightly. Strain using a fine metal strainer to remove all the bits of bone and vegetable. When cool enough, store in the fridge for up to 5 days. I remove any fat that has hardened and come to the top of the container. Then freeze for later use in soups, gravies and sauces.
Especially in the fall and winter, drink at least 1 cup per day as a health boost. Heat about 8 ounces with a little salt and enjoy with breakfast instead of your usual coffee or tea. Bone broth supports your immune system and is easy to digest. If you have stomach issues, bone broth will calm them quickly letting your body start healing.
If you aren’t already, make bone broth a regular part of your kitchen routine. It’s a perfect way to boost your health, along with being inexpensive and easy.